THE AMERICAN BOARD OF PATHOLOGY

A Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties

A- A A+

 

Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.

7:45 a.m.

Instructions and Computer Practice Examination  

8:00 a.m.  

Written Examination (2 hours) 

Break  

All candidates must leave examination room. 

10:15 a.m. 

Practical Examination Part I (2½ hours) 

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:45 p.m. Practical Examination Part II (2½ hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine

The examination in blood banking/transfusion medicine is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections of the examination administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    120                                                                      2 hours

Practical I                                                                 95                                                                    2.5 hours

Practical II                                                                95                                                                    2.5 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The practical examination includes graphs, charts, formulas, diagrams, tables, or other images.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Blood, Plasma, Components donor criteria; collection and storage; processing, labeling, and storage; indications for use; and consultation
  • Immunohematology, Genetics, Transplantation blood groups, antigen/antibody detection and identification, immune hemolytic anemias, hemolytic disease of the newborn, tissue and organ transplantation and consultation, compatibility testing, tissue banking
  • Transfusion Practices and Sequelae blood component therapy; specific clinical aspects, indications, and consultation; transfusion techniques; sequelae; and consultation
  • Hemapheresis, Donor Apheresis, Therapeutic Apheresis clinical indications and consultation, procedures and techniques, complications and consultations
  • History, Administration, Management, and Regulation AABB standards, FDA regulations, quality control and assurance, general management principles

Examination Blueprint

BBTM 11 22 16

Chemical Pathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination

8:00 a.m.  

Practical Examination (5 hours) 

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

2:00 p.m.  Written Examination (2 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Chemical Pathology
The examination in chemical pathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    100                                                                        2 hours

Practical                                                                  200                                                                        5 hours


A candidate must pass both the written and the practical portions of the examination in the same administration in order to pass the examination. All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The practical examination includes graphs, charts, formulas, diagrams, tables, or other images.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Laboratory administrative and management requirements and practices
  • Patient preparation and specimen collection
  • Standards and units of measurement
  • Calculations and statistics
  • Quality control
  • Instrumentation and equipment
  • Analytic methods and techniques
  • Disorders of metabolism
  • Electrolyte and acid/base disorders
  • Serum protein and coagulation abnormalities
  • Chemical disorders and clinical aspects of organ and system diseases
  • Diagnostic application of laboratory data
  • Screening and home-testing procedures
  • Drug abuse, overdose, and testing
  • Patient care decision-making and consultation

Examination Blueprint

CHM BP 11 21 16

Clinical Informatics

  • Certification in Clinical Informatics is a joint and equal function of the ABP and the American Board of Preventive Medicine (ABPM).
  • Applications using practice/experience in lieu of training will be accepted through 2017.
  • Examinations are administered at Pearson VUE Professional Centers.  The list of sites is available at http://www.pearsonvue.com/vtclocator/

Pearson VUE Professional Centers Examination Schedule Information

  • Candidates need to arrive at the Pearson VUE Center 30 minutes prior to the scheduled examination time.  If a candidate arrives 15 minutes after the scheduled examination start time, he/she will have technically forfeited the assigned seat and it will be up to the discretion of the testing center whether to permit the candidate or not.
  • Candidates may schedule an examination at a specific Pearson VUE Center by phone once they have received an e-mail from the ABP which will include the candidate ID number that is needed to register with Pearson VUE.
  • Two forms of identification with signatures are required.  One must be government issued and include a photo.

Description of Examination

Examinations conducted by the American Board of Preventive Medicine (ABPM) and ABP are intended to confirm the determination the candidate is qualified by training and experience to claim competence. Applicants who judge their training and experience to lack elements regarded by the Board as important will find it helpful to prepare for comprehensive practice, and examination, by guided study. The information provided here outlines the scope of practice and provides a list of useful texts and periodicals. There is no certainty the answer to every examination question will be found in the cited materials, as many questions require an exercise of discernment and judgment rather than a specific textbook answer.

There are no trick questions, and it would be unusual for a question to reflect very recent events or issues (i.e., new“hot” topics) because of the lead time necessary to develop the full examination. The general purpose is to ascertain whether there is a sound base of specialty-relevant knowledge and skills and the ability to exercise discernment and judgment.

There are 200 questions on the Clinical Informatics examination and you will have 4 hours to complete the exam. All questions are weighted equally. Candidates will find advantage in answering all questions, as there is no penalty for an incorrect answer, i.e., a wrong answer is not subtracted from right answers and there is no advantage in leaving a question unanswered. Thus, the candidate who has no idea as to the correct answer and responds at random will have a 25% chance of selecting it since there are four choices for each question. In most cases, even when the correct answer is not known with confidence, the candidate will have sufficient knowledge to exclude 2 or 3 of the choices as improbable. Guessing on the remaining possibilities offers better odds than 25% and reflects the fact that the candidate should earn partial advantage from knowing what is not right.

Board examination questions are all multiple choice, best single answer with four possible responses. The question may contain a clinical vignette, an experimental or statistical observation, a definition or classification, an administrative problem, an application of a principle or regulation, or any situation potentially faced in practice.

The distribution of examination questions is weighted in favor of relevance to actual practice; however, candidates who are preparing to represent themselves as competent must recognize they are responsible for knowledge and skills across the breadth of their chosen subspecialty, not just in the preponderant content of their personal day-to-day practice. Examinations do not stress esoteric facts, and they do require examinees to demonstrate sound understanding. A primary purpose of this outline is to describe the extent of the subspecialty.

CONTENT OUTLINE

1. Fundamentals: The basic knowledge that provides clinical informaticians with a common vocabulary and understanding of the environment in which they function.

  • Clinical Informatics
    • The discipline of informatics
    • Key informatics concepts, models, and theories
    • Clinical informatics literature
    • International clinical informatics practices
    • Ethics and professionalism
    • Legal and regulatory issues
  • The Health System
    • Determinants of individual and population health
    • Primary domains, organizational structures, cultures, and processes
    • The flow of data, information, and knowledge within the health system
    • Policy & regulatory framework
    • Health economics and financing
    • Forces shaping health care delivery
    • Institute of Medicine quality components

2. Clinical Decision Making and Care Process Improvement: The knowledge and skills that enable a clinical informatician to implement effective clinical decision making systems and participate in the development of clinical processes that support effective, efficient, safe, timely, equitable, and patient-centered care.

  • Clinical Decision Support
    • The nature and cognitive aspects of human decision making
    • Decision science
    • Application of clinical decision support
    • Transformation of knowledge into clinical decision support tools
    • Legal, ethical, and regulatory issues
    • Quality and safety issues
    • Supporting decisions for populations of patients
  • Evidence-based Patient Care
    • Evidence sources
    • Evidence grading
    • Clinical guidelines
    • Implementation of guidelines as clinical algorithms
    • Information retrieval and analysis
  • Clinical Workflow Analysis, Process Redesign, and Quality Improvement
    • Methods of workflow analysis
    • Principles of workflow re-engineering
    • Quality improvement principles and Practices

3. Health Information Systems: The knowledge and skills that enable a clinical informatician to participate in the development or selection of an information system for clinicians; prepare clinicians prior to implementation and support them during implementation and ongoing operation of a clinical information system; and evaluate the effectiveness of a system in meeting clinical needs.

  • Information Technology Systems
    • Computer Systems
    • Architecture
    • Networks
    • Security
    • Data
    • Technical approaches that enable sharing data
  • Human Factors Engineering
    • Models, theories, and practices of human-computer (machine) interaction
    • HCI Evaluation, usability testing, study design and methods
    • Interface design standards and design principles
    • Usability engineering
  • Health Information Systems and Applications
    • Types of functions offered by systems
    • Types of settings where systems are used
    • Electronic health/medical records systems as the foundational tool
    • Telemedicine
  • Clinical Data Standards
    • Standards development history and current process
    • Data standards and data sharing
    • Transaction standards
    • Messaging standards
    • Nomenclatures, vocabularies, and terminologies
    • Ontologies and taxonomies
    • Interoperability standards
  • Information System Lifecycle
    • 3.5.1 Institutional governance of clinical information systems
    • 3.5.2 Clinical information needs analysis and system selection
    • 3.5.3 Clinical information system implementation
    • 3.5.4 Clinical information system testing before, during and after implementation
    • 3.5.5 Clinical information system maintenance
    • 3.5.6 Clinical information system evaluation

4. Leading and Managing Change: The knowledge and skills that enable clinical informaticians to lead and manage changes associated with implementing clinical information systems and promoting adoption by health professionals.

  • Leadership Models, Processes, and Practices
    • Dimensions of effective leadership
    • Governance (e.g., processes; responsibility versus authority)
    • Negotiation
    • Conflict management
    • Collaboration
    • Motivation
    • Decision making
  • Effective Interdisciplinary Teams
    • Human resources management (e.g., hiring, performance reviews and feedback, professional
    • development, termination)
    • Team productivity and effectiveness (e.g., articulating team goals, defining rules of operation,
    • clarifying individual roles)
    • Group management processes (e.g., nominal group, consensus mapping, Delphi method)
    • Managing meetings
    • Managing group deliberations
  • Effective Communications
    • Effective presentations to groups
    • Effective one-on-one communication
    • Writing effectively for various audiences and goals
    • Developing effective communications program to support system implementation
  • Project Management
    • Basic principles
    • Identifying resources
    • Resource allocation
    • Project management tools (non-software specific)
    • Informatics project challenges
  • Strategic and Financial Planning for Clinical Information Systems
    • Establishing mission and objectives
    • Environmental scanning
    • Strategy formulation
    • Action planning and strategy implementation
    • Capital and operating budgeting
    • Principles of managerial accounting
    • Evaluation of planning process
  • Change Management
    • Assessment of organizational culture and behavior
    • Change theories (e.g., precede-proceed, social influence theories, complex adaptive systems)
    • Change management strategies
    • Strategies for promoting adoption and effective use of clinical information systems

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Books

  • DeGoulet P, Fieschi M. 1997. Introduction to Clinical Informatics. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Friedman CP, Wyatt JC. 2006. Evaluation Methods in Biomedical Informatics. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Greenes RA. 2003. Clinical Decision Support; The Road Ahead. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • O’Carroll PW, Yasnoff WA, Ward ME, Ripp LH, Martin EL. 2003. Public Health Informatics and InformationSystems. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Shortliffe EH, Cimino JJ. 2006. Biomedical Informatics: Computer Applications in Health Care and Biomedicine.New York: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
  • Van Bemmel J, Musen MA. 1997. Handbook of Medical Informatics. Houten, the Netherland: Bohn Stafleu.

Journals (previous five years)

  • AI Medicine (AIM)
  • Applied Clinical Informatics Journal (ACI)
  • Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine (CMPBM)
  • Computers in Biology and Medicine (CBM)
  • International Journal of Medical Informatics (IJMI)
  • Journal of Applied Clinical Informatics (JACI)
  • Journal of Biomedical Informatics (JBI)
  • Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR)
  • Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (JAMIA)
  • Medical Decision Making (MDM)
  • Methods of Information in Medicine (MIM)

Examination Blueprint

CIF BP 

Cytopathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination 

8:00 a.m. 

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (3 hours)

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

12:00 p.m. 

 Written Examination (1¾ hours) 

Break 

 All candidates must leave the examination room. 

2:00 p.m.  Practical Examination (3 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Cytopathology
The examination in cytopathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic portion (traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    110                                                                    1.75 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                140                                                                         3 hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                             40/10                                                                       3 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best- answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The written examination includes theoretical, practical, administrative, regulatory, and interpretive and problem solving aspects of cytopathology relative to disease processes and patient care. The practical examination (images) includes interpretive and problem-solving aspects of cytologic specimens, including questions about disease processes. The microscopic examination includes diagnosis and correlation with histologic and clinical findings and may include virtual images. The glass slides are not dotted; candidates need to be prepared to screen the slides independently.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  •   Gynecologic Cytopathology
    • Cytology Reporting Guidelines and Morphology
    • Sample Collection, Preparation and Screening Methods and Ancillary testing
    • Screening, Prevention and Management Guidelines
  • Non gynecologic and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytopathology
    • Specimens obtained from the urinary system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, breast, central nervous system, and solid organs
    • Includes morphology of normal, reactive, infectious, and neoplastic specimen
    • Includes sample collection (techniques, indications) and processing (direct smears, liquid based preparations, cell blocks, and touch imprints prepared by air drying, alcohol or formalin fixation) as well as ancillary studies (histochemical/ immunochemical stains, flow cytometry, molecular testing)
    • Includes applicable Technical aspects, Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, Diagnostic Interpretations, Management, Prognostic significance
  • Laboratory Management/Administration
    • Laboratory Accreditation, Quality Assurance Practices, Safety, Federal Agency Guidelines, Competency, Physician Credentialing, Litigation, Validation, Statistics, Billing

Examination Blueprint

 

Untitled

 

Dermatopathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination 

8:00 a.m.

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (4¼ hours)

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:15 p.m.  

Written Examination (1½ hours) 

Break 

 All candidates must leave the examination room. 

3:00 p.m.  Practical Examination (2 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Dermatopathology
The examination in dermatopathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic section(traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    90                                                                      1.5 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                106                                                                       2 hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                              91/15                                                               4.25 hours


A candidate must pass both the written and the practical portions of the examination in the same administration in order to pass the examination. All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The practical examination includes images of gross lesions and special technical subjects including immunofluorescent, histochemical, microbiologic, and cytologic preparations.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Diagnostic dermatopathology and relative clinical and laboratory knowledge
  • Gross and microscopic diagnosis of skin disorders by direct visual inspection and light, fluorescent, and electron microscopy and histochemical, bacteriologic, mycologic, virologic,and entomologic preparations
  • Laboratory management, quality assessment and assurance, patient care decision making, and consultation

Examination Blueprint

DP BP 11 22 16

Forensic Pathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination 

8:00 a.m.

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (3 hours) 

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

12:00 p.m. 

Written Examination (1½ hours) 

Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:45 p.m. Practical Examination (2½ hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Forensic Pathology
The examination in forensic pathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic portion(traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    115                                                                      1.5 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                135                                                                      2.5 hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                              45/5                                                                        3 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. Questions related to microscopic slides may be accompanied by an image or images (scene photograph, gross photograph, radiograph, etc). The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Pathology and interpretation of natural disease, therapy, and trauma
  • Interpretation of injury patterns and stigmata
  • Pathology and certification of natural and violent deaths
  • Interpretation of clinical and postmortem chemistries and toxicologies
  • Molecular biology, forensic odontology, physical anthropology
  • Criminalistics, public health, jurisprudence, management, and safety

Examination Blueprint

FP BP

 

Hematopathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination 

8:00 a.m. 

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (2¾ hours) 

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

11:45 a.m. 

Written Examination (1 ¾ hours) 

Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:45 p.m.  Practical Examination (2 ½ hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Hematopathology
The examination in hematopathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic portion (traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    125                                                                      1.75 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                125                                                                      2.5 hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                              40/5                                                                    2.75 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The practical examination includes blood and bone marrow smears,imprints, and tissue sections.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Methodology
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Erythrocyte disorders
  • Leukocyte disorders
  • Lymph node disorders
  • Blood vessels and hematologic disorders
  • Platelets and platelet disorders
  • Blood coagulation
  • Patient care decision making and consultation

Examination Blueprint

HM BP 11 29 2016

Medical Microbiology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination 

8:00 a.m. 

Practical Examination (4 hours)

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:00 p.m.  Written Examination (3 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Medical Microbiology
The examination in medical microbiology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                  190                                                                          3 hours

Practical with Images                                            150                                                                          4 hours


 

A candidate must pass both the written and the practical portions of the examination in the same administration in order to pass the examination. All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Medical microbiology administrative and management practices
  • Quality control and infection prevention
  • Taxonomy, classification, and nomenclature
  • Collection, handling, and processing of specimens
  • Pathogenic mechanisms of infectious diseases and host-parasite relationships
  • Antimicrobial mechanisms of action and susceptibility testing
  • Media reagents and stains
  • Aerobic bacteria: Cultural and morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Anaerobic bacteria: Cultural and morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Spirochetes: Morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Fungi: Cultural and morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Viruses and Rickettsia: Cultural and morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Parasites: Morphologic characteristics and infections
  • Historical aspects of medical microbiology
  • Patient care decision making and consultation

Examination Blueprint

MMB BP 11 21 16

Molecular Genetic Pathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration.  A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination

8:00 a.m. 

Practical Examination (2½ hours) 

Break 

 All candidates must leave the examination room. 

10:45 a.m. 

Written Examination (1½ hours) 

Lunch Break 

 All candidates must leave the examination room. 

1:15 p.m.  Practical with Images Examination (3 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Molecular Genetic Pathology
The examination in molecular genetic pathology is a one-day, computer-based examination administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                   90                                                                       1.5 hours

Practical                                                                 90                                                                     2.5  hours

Practical with Images                                             90                                                                         3 hours


 

A candidate must pass both written and practical portions of the examination in the same administration in order to pass the examination. All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. Questions may include karyotypes, gels, graphs, pedigrees, or other images.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Normal structure/function, basic molecular techniques/methods, human genetic principles including DNA/RNA structure, transcription/translation, types of mutation and their detection, gene structure and function, population and risk calculation
  • Quality improvement, quality control, quality assurance and ethical, legal, and regulatory issues relating to molecular genetic laboratory testing
  • Inherited disorders of single and multiple genes and genes of mitochondrial origin
  • Neoplastic diseases and other acquired disorders
  • Infectious diseases
  • Identity testing, histocompatibility, immunologic diseases, and forensic testing

Examination Blueprint

MGP BP 2 24 17

Neuropathology

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration. A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination

8:00 a.m.

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (3½ hours)

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

12:30 p.m. 

Written Examination (1½ hours)

Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

2:15 p.m.  Practical Examination (2 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Neuropathology
The examination in neuropathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic portion (traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    80                                                                      1.5 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                105                                                                         2 hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                              60/5                                                                     3.5 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Diagnostic neuropathology and patient care consultation
  • Theoretical, investigative, and administrative aspects of neuropathology
  • Specimens from the central or peripheral nervous systems, muscles, and organs of special senses
  • Relevant areas of general pathology

Examination Blueprint

NP BP 11 21 16

Pediatric Pathology 

Daily Examination Schedule

Please be ready to enter the exam center at the times listed below.

7:30 a.m.  Registration. A photo ID is required for admittance.
7:45 a.m.  Instructions and Computer Practice Examination

8:00 a.m. 

Microscopic/Virtual Examination (3½ hours) 

Lunch Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

12:30 a.m. 

Written Examination (1 ½ hours) 

Break 

All candidates must leave the examination room. 

2:15 p.m.  Practical Examination (2 hours)

 

THIS SCHEDULE IS TENTATIVE AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. HOWEVER, ANY CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

Description of Examination

The ABP uses criterion referenced tests for its certification examinations.
Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are intended to measure how well a person has learned a specific body of knowledge and skills. On a CRT, the passing or "cut-off" score is determined in advance by a committee of experts in the field. The candidate’s performance (i.e. mastery of the subject matter) is compared to the cut-off score and not to other test takers. Theoretically, all candidates could pass or fail depending on how they performed relative to the passing score. Driving tests are an example of CRTs, because the goal is to see whether the test taker is skilled enough to be granted a driver’s license, not to see if one test taker is more skilled than another test taker. In contrast, norm-referenced tests (NRTs) compare test takers to each other. Scores are reported as a percentage rank with half scoring above and half below the mid-point. NRTs are designed to sort and rank students "on the curve," not to see if they met a standard or criterion. The ABP does NOT use NRTs for its certification examinations.

Pediatric Pathology
The examination in pediatric pathology is a one-day, computer-based examination consisting of written and practical sections. The practical section is composed of a microscopic portion (traditional and virtual) and an image section. The examination is administered as follows:


Section                                                           #Questions                                                                    Time


Written                                                                    90                                                                         1.5 hours

Practical:

    Images                                                                100                                                                         2  hours

    Microscopic/virtual                                              55/10                                                                     3.5 hours


All questions are multiple-choice and in the one-best-answer format. The questions are designed to measure the candidate’s body of knowledge and problem-solving ability. The written examination includes theoretical, practical, and interpretive aspects of pediatric pathology relative to disease processes and patient care. The practical examination includes images of gross specimens, cytogenetic preparations, graphs, charts, and special histochemical and other techniques. The microscopic examination includes tissue sections and hematologic and cytologic smears pertaining to diagnosis, implications, and prognosis.

Subject areas covered include, but are not limited to:

  • Embryologic development and pathology of organ systems
  • Abnormalities of the placenta and amniotic fluid
  • Cytogenetic techniques and interpretations
  • Perinatal and iatrogenic problems
  • Congenital malformations and complexes
  • Metabolic and immunologic principles and disorders
  • Infectious diseases
  • Neoplasia and neoplastic diseases
  • Handling and processing of specimens, special histochemical procedures, labeling of cells, flow cytometry, DNA hybridization, DNA imaging, and other techniques using DNA probes
  • Pathogenesis and prognostic significance of diseases in tissue specimens, cytologic smears, and electron micrographs
  • Pediatric aspects of other areas of pathology, including neuropathology, hematology, blood banking/transfusion medicine, microbiology, chemical pathology, and forensic pathology
  • Laboratory management and quality assurance and their implementation

Examination Blueprint

PP BP 11 29 16

 

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